The following information is derived directly from the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.
Individuals with ASD may communicate, interact, behave, and learn in ways that are different from most other people. The learning, thinking, and problem-solving abilities of people with ASD can range from gifted to severely challenged, hence the term “spectrum”. Some people with ASD need a lot of help in their daily lives; others need less. The scientific research surrounding Autism is advancing each day. Science now shows that Autism is a genetic neurological disorder, that can be attributed up to 75% based on the genetic make up of an individual.
Signs of ASD begin during early childhood development and sometimes last throughout a person’s life.
Children or adults with ASD might:
Common Misconceptions or Statements You Hear About Autism:
The Truth: It is a common misconception that individuals with Autism would be distinguishable by sight. The reality is that people with Autism often look no different than people without disabilities.
The Truth: Individuals with Autism do not lack an ability to feel emotions, they sometimes lack an ability to properly communicate those emotions.
The Truth: Individuals with Autism range in intellectual abilities just as people without developmental disabilities do. Some people with Autism do indeed have higher than average IQ’s, while others struggle. Each individual is different.
The Truth: Autism is a spectrum disorder, meaning its characteristics vary significantly from person to person. Knowing one person with autism means just that—knowing one person with autism. His or her capabilities and limitations are no indication of the capabilities and limitations of another person with autism.
The Truth: Autism stems from genetics that affect brain development and, for many individuals, is a lifelong condition. Receiving treatment for Autism can reduce the likelihood of the neurological condition being a lifelong condition.
The Truth: The rate of autism has increased by 600% in the last 20 years and continues to rise. In 1975, an estimated 1 in 1,500 had autism. In 2009, an estimated 1 in 110 had an autism spectrum disorder. Scientists and geneticists are currently working to identify the cause of this increase and help discover any ways to mitigate it.
Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Statistics:
“Facts About ASD.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 24 Feb. 2015. Web. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/facts.html.
Drenner, J. “11 Myths About Autism.” Autism Speaks Official Blog. 21 Nov. 2011. Web. http://blog.autismspeaks.org/2011/11/21/11-myths-about-autism/.
“Data and Statistics.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 12 Aug. 2015. Web. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html.